News million already live on less than a dollar a day. Indians are aware of the need for birth control, but too many remain ignorant of contraception methods or are unwilling to discuss them.
Map showing disputed territories of India Border disputes resulted in a short border war between the People's Republic of China and India on 20 October It also occupied strategic points in the Aksai Chin and Demchok regions of Ladakhbefore declaring a unilateral cease-fire on 21 November.
It claimed that it withdrew to twenty kilometers behind its contended line of control. India disagreed with the claim.
At the time of Sino-Indian border conflict, the India's Communist Party was accused by the Indian government as being pro-PRC, and a large number of its political leaders were jailed. Relations between the PRC and India deteriorated during the rest of the s and the early s while the China—Pakistan relations improved and the Sino-Soviet relations worsened.
Between andan all-weather road was built across territory claimed by India, linking PRC's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region with Pakistan; India could do no more than protest. The PRC continued an active propaganda campaign against India and supplied ideological, financial, and other assistance to dissident groups, especially to tribes in northeastern India.
Sri Lanka played the role of chief negotiator for the withdrawal of Chinese troops from the Indian territory.
Both countries agreed to Colombo's proposals. On 11 September, Chinese troops opened fire on a detachment of Indian soldiers tasked with protecting an engineering company that was fencing the North Shoulder of Nathu La.
This escalated over the next five days to an exchange of heavy artillery and mortar fire between the Indian and Chinese forces. Sixty-two Indian soldiers were killed. On 1 Octobersome Indian and Chinese soldiers had an argument over the control of a boulder at the Chola outpost in Sikkim then a protectorate of Indiatriggering a fight that escalated to a mortar and heavy machine gun duel.
While Indian forces would sustain eighty-eight troops killed in action with another troops wounded, China would suffer less casualties, with 32 killed and 91 wounded in Nathu Laas well as forty in Chola. Although China strongly condemned India, it did not carry out its veiled threat to intervene on Pakistan's behalf.
Inthe Indian Minister of External Affairs Atal Bihari Vajpayee made a landmark visit to Beijing, and both countries officially re-established diplomatic relations in The PRC modified its pro-Pakistan stand on Kashmir and appeared willing to remain silent on India's absorption of Sikkim and its special advisory relationship with Bhutan.
The PRC's leaders agreed to discuss the boundary issue, India's priority, as the first step to a broadening of relations. The two countries hosted each other's news agencies, and Mount Kailash and Mansarowar Lake in Tibet, the mythological home of the Hindu pantheonwere opened to annual pilgrimages.
India also undertook infrastructural development in disputed areas. In the winter ofthe Chinese deployed their troops to the Sumdorong Chu before the Indian team could arrive and built a Helipad at Wandung. Sundarjiairlifted a brigade to the region. However, Indian foreign minister N.
In the PRC insisted on mutual concessions without defining the exact terms of its "package proposal" or where the actual line of control lay. In andthe negotiations achieved nothing, given the charges exchanged between the two countries of military encroachment in the Sumdorung Chu Valley.
China's construction of a military post and helicopter pad in the area in and India's grant of statehood to Arunachal Pradesh formerly the North-East Frontier Agency in February caused both sides to deploy troops to the area.
The PRC relayed warnings that it would "teach India a lesson" if it did not cease "nibbling" at Chinese territory. By the summer ofhowever, both sides had backed away from conflict and denied military clashes had taken place. A warming trend in relations was facilitated by Rajiv Gandhi 's visit to China in December India and the People's Republic of China agreed to achieve a "fair and reasonable settlement while seeking a mutually acceptable solution" to the border dispute.
Rajiv Gandhi signed bilateral agreements on science and technology co-operation, establish direct air links, and on cultural exchanges. The two sides also agreed to hold annual diplomatic consultations between foreign ministers, set up a joint committee on economic and scientific co-operation, and a joint working group on the boundary issue.
The latter group was to be led by the Indian foreign secretary and the Chinese vice minister of foreign affairs.India has billion people living in 25 states, speaking 19 major languages and over a dialects, practicing over about 6 religions and belonging to thousands of castes and sub-castes.
Following is the answer key for the recently conducted General Studies Paper – 1 (Set – C) of the UPSC civil services preliminary exam. We have tried to provide best possible explanation for each question based on various authentic sources.
India today is a vibrant free-market democracy, a nation well on its way to overcoming decades of widespread poverty.
The nation's rise is one of the great international stories of the late twentieth century, and in India Unbound the acclaimed columnist Gurcharan Das offers a sweeping economic history of India from independence to the new millennium.
After almost seven decades of Independence, India has emerged as the third largest producer of electricity in Asia.
It has increased its electricity generation capacity from 1, MW in to 1,13, MW as of This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the . Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.