The turning point for cats came about with the appearance of a new genus of felids, Pseudaelurus  The increase in disparity through the early Miocene occurs during a time when few feliform fossils have been found in North America.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Felidae, cat Feline, family Felidaeany of 37 cat species that among others include the cheetahpumajaguarleopardlionlynxtigerand domestic cat. Cats are native to almost every region on Earth, with the exception of Australia and Antarctica.
They are carnivorous mammal s that live in a wide variety of habitats, but they are typically woodland animals. Most cats are patterned with spots, stripes, or rosettes, but some, such as the puma Puma concolorjaguarundi Herpailurus yaguarondiand lion Panthera leoare uniform in colour.
Black or nearly black coats occur in individuals of several species. The head is characterized by a short nose and round face, usually with short ears. The only cat with a well-developed mane is the male African lion. Cat feet have sharp claws that are retractile except in the cheetah.
In most felids the male is larger than the female. Evolution of mammals cat family are noted for purring when content and for snarling, howling, or spitting when in conflict with another of their kind. Usually, however, cats are silent. Whether such behaviour is for the purpose of cleaning or sharpening the claws or simply to stretch is debatable, but the behaviour is innate; kittens raised in isolation soon begin to claw objects.
The larger cats are strong, fierce, and extremely dangerous when hungry. Because of their large size, they occasionally attack humans. Although tigers and leopards are most noted as man-eaters, lions and jaguars can also be dangerous.
In North America the puma, also known as the cougar or mountain lion, tends to avoid contact with humans, but a few attacks occur annually, especially in areas where development encroaches on areas of high puma density, such as the western United States.
Similarly, attacks on livestock often necessitate removal of problem animals. The fur of some cats is sometimes in great demand, especially fur with contrasting colours and patterns such as spots or stripes. The demand is such that some rare cats are hunted and trapped illegally and are in danger of becoming extinct.
In North America none of the cats used by the fur trade is endangered. Strict regulations allow a sustainable take of animals from healthy populations of Canada lynx Lynx canadensisbobcat Lynx rufusand puma. Canada lynx Lynx canadensis. Natural history The lion, tiger Panthera tigrisand cheetah Acinonyx jubatus are mainly terrestrial, but they are agile climbers; the leopard Panthera pardusjaguar P.
The larger cats range over large areas, often roving alone or with a companion. Occasionally one may become a member of a family group. Only lions are gregariouswith prides consisting of as many as 30 individuals. Clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa.
PunchStock Almost all cats feed on small mammals and birds or on large herbivores such as deer and various types of antelope. The fishing cat Prionailurus viverrinus feeds largely on fishes and clams or snails and thus fits into a slightly different niche than that of most cats.
The flat-headed cat Prionailurus planiceps is the only species known to feed to any extent on vegetation such as fruit and sweet potatoes. Food caching occurs in larger cats, and some may drag their kill into a tree or place it under a bush after the initial gorging. Cats live on a feast-or-famine routine, gorging themselves when a kill is made and then fasting for several days.
Lions Panthera leo engaging in various activities such as hunting, eating, grooming, and sleeping.Evolution of the Cat Family. An ancient forest. Some studies argue that it belongs to the Felidae (the cat family) and was ancestral to all later cats, whilst others contend that it belongs to a group of animals that was ancestral to mongooses, civets and hyenas in addition to the true cats.
The typical grazing mammals that constituted. The cat family is placed within the order Carnivora, which comprises nine extant families (or ten if mongooses are considered a separate family; Herpestidae).
Scott, K.M. and Jacobs, L.L., Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Return to text.
Weigel, I., Das Fellmuster der wildlebenden.
The biological family Felidae is a lineage of carnivorans colloquially referred to as cats.A member of this family is also called a felid or feline.
The term "cat" refers both to felids in general and specifically to domestic metin2sell.com characteristic features of cats have evolved to support a carnivorous lifestyle, with adaptations for ambush or stalking and short pursuit metin2sell.comm: Animalia. Evolution of the Cat Family.
An ancient forest. Some studies argue that it belongs to the Felidae (the cat family) and was ancestral to all later cats, whilst others contend that it belongs to a group of animals that was ancestral to mongooses, civets and hyenas in addition to the true cats.
The typical grazing mammals that constituted. The evolution of mammals has passed through many stages since the first appearance of their synapsid ancestors in the late Carboniferous period. Molecular phylogenetics based family tree of placental mammals. The cat gap is a period in the fossil record of approximately 25 to million years ago in which there are few fossils of cats or cat-like species found in North America.